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Training Workshop on 'Molecular Biology Techniques in Health & Medical Sciences'

Special Centre for Molecular Medicine (SCMM) has been in the forefront in training young scientists, clinical and non-clinical, who wish to either pursue careers in basic medical research or spend short periods in research during their clinical training. To expand the endeavour in this direction, a workshop on "Molecular Biology Techniques in Health & Medical sciences" was organized during 11 – 12 February, 2015 at SCMM to give a hands-on-training in the state of the art Molecular/Cell Biology techniques relevant to the areas of Molecular Medicine.

Out of a total of 170 applicants, ten applicants were selected. These candidates were from Medical Sciences background (MBBS/MD/MVSc). The areas covered for the training in this workshop included i) Use of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), ii) PCR Techniques, iii) Fluorescence Microscopy and Confocal Microscopy in health and diseases.

The workshop was held over a period of two days at SCMM. The first day was dedicated to the NGS, its application and data analysis with major emphasis on human health and diseases. The lectures were delivered by scientists from Thermo Fisher Scientific, Gurgaon. The second day was spent on hands on training and demonstration on PCR techniques and Fluorescence and Confocal Microscopy. These sessions were conducted by Prof. Suman K. Dhar and Prof. Rakesh K. Tyagi respectively.

After successful completion of the workshop training, certificates were given to all the trainees during the valedictory ceremony of the Sixth National Symposium on'Frontiers in Molecular Medicine' that was organized by SCMM in continuation with the workshop on 13 – 14 February, 2015.

Overall, the feedback from the participants was very positive. The participants experienced a wonderful learning time during the training period at SCMM. They expressed their interest to participate in more such events in the near future. They were also interested to do collaborative research work with SCMM in future.

SCMM on its behalf acknowledged ICMR-CAR, UGC-SAP and Thermo Fisher Scientific for partial financial support for the event.

Suman K. Dhar, Professor
Special Centre for Molecular Medicine

Round Table Discussion on Unfolding Development Potential of North-East Region

The Centre for Studies in Science Policy (CSSP), in association with Ministry of Development of North East Region (DoNER), Government of India and the NGO Bignning, organized a Round Table Discussion on "Unfolding Development Potential of North-East Region: Sustainability and Policy Perspectives" on 2 March, 2015 at JNU Convention Centre. In his welcome address Prof. S.K. Sopory, VC of JNU, informed the audience that purpose of this round table discussion was to keep abreast with research programmes carried out in the university specially focusing on North-East (NE) region. JNU has established the North East India Study Programme (NEISP) – a university level programme, which aims at developing multi-disciplinary perspective in understanding North East India and its neighbouring areas.

In this panel discussion, the panelists from different schools of JNU conveyed perspectives from the point of views of their respective schools. DoNER Joint Secretary A.M. Singh spoke about the future possibilities of NE region in terms of strengthening border and interstate trade, rural entrepreneurship, agricultural marketing, adventure and eco-tourism, and skills development of NE youths. He then informed the audience about the new initiatives of DoNER and other union ministries operating in a matrix pattern in close collaboration with DoNER. He explored the possibilities of better border trade with neighbouring Southeast Asian countries, which is expected to be strengthened after establishing a successful regional integration paradigm led by Asian Development Bank and other intergovernmental agencies. Former Director NEISP Dr. Bhagat Oinam emphasized the need to change the security paradigm of development in NE and the welfare approach of development packages. He then highlighted needs for strengthening linkages between academia and practitioners in social and cultural studies areas. He also mentioned that there is disconnect between the academics and the government, which needs to be bridged and they should engage each other. Prof. V. V. Krishna of CSSP highlighted public policy perspectives of the region. He also noted that there is a need of documenting grassroots and frugal innovations, which are available in plenty in the region. He then mentioned that many CSSP research scholars are now working in interdisciplinary research documenting informal innovation systems in the region, and also other research studies related to science, technology and society. He then mentioned that a sustainability hub is established at CSSP and inputs from the region will be regularly taken. Prof. Milap Punia of CSRD highlighted his experience in rolling out geospatial and geographic information systems in the region, while Prof. Ashwani Pareek of School of Life Sciences narrated his experience in conducting biological and environmental research studies and collecting field data from the region.

DoNER Minister Dr. Jitender Singh in his address welcomed the panelists and assured his fullest support in futuristic research on NE region and NE people engaging academics located in other parts of the country. He then mentioned that the academic potential of NE is under exploited, that is why DoNER Ministry will collaborate with JNU to support various academic research studies focusing on NE region. He also assured his support in completion of JNU's NE hostel, which anyway gets support from DoNER Ministry. He reminded NE students studying in JNU: You should go back as JNU empowered youth, but not as a JNU brand, to serve the local communities and to empower them. The round table discussion concluded after a vote of thanks proposed by Dr. Rajbeer Singh of CSSP. Audio recording of this event is now available at www.mixcloud.com/cssp_jnu/, an open access audio channel maintained by CSSP, JNU.

Anup Kumar Das
Documentation Officer
Centre for Studies in Science Policy, SSS

Association of Borderlands Studies and Jawaharlal Nehru University Joint Round Table on "Border Studies in India"

The Round-Table conference was inaugurated with opening remarks by Chairperson of the Centre for International Politics, Organization and Disarmament (CIPOD), on 5 March, 2014. Prof. Swaran Singh welcoming the Association of Borderlands Studies (ABS) to the Centre and the School for an interaction with CIPOD students and faculty. This was followed by an introduction of (ABS) by the incumbent President of the ABS, Prof. Martin Van der Velde of the Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands. The President introduced the office-bearers accompanying him (Dr. Jussi Laine, Executive-Vice Secretary, ABS; Prof. Akihiro Iwashita, President Elect, ABS) and other members of the delegation including Prof. Paul Ganster, one of the founding members of the ABS from the San Diego State University, California. The President highlighted the presence of borders in both the political and social spheres of life as they manifest themselves through the lens of the state and society with ramifications for both of them. He argued that the Association's relevance for India and the wider sub-continent is immense as India shares its land and maritime boundaries with seven neighbouring countries and has border disputes with many of them ranging from proper demarcation to hard territorial disputes.

The first working session was chaired by Prof. Swaran Singh with the first speaker being Dr. Krishnendra Meena, Assistant Professor at CIPOD/SIS. Dr. Meena highlighted the importance of borders from the perspective of the borderlanders, a deviation from the norm of borders being looked at from the perspective of the state. His case study juxtaposed the state-centric view of the borders with narratives of three farmers whose agricultural landholdings are located across the fencing on the India-Pakistan border in western sector in two states of India: Punjab and Rajasthan. The narratives were reflective of the dilemma being faced by these farmers who carry out their main occupation of agriculture at the interface of the two countries. On the one hand, the narratives relate to the everyday problems they face at the border and on the other, they demonstrate their allegiance to the country by arguing that the armed forces are present at the borders for the security and safety of their country. Dr. Jussi Laine of the University of Eastern Finland highlighted the evolving theoretical aspects of borders with respect to how borders are understood as multifaceted social institutions rather solely as formal political markers of sovereignty. The presentation shed light on the different areas of conceptual change that can be assumed to have concrete impacts on the ways borders both condition and are conditioned by different institutions and actors.

The second academic session features three speakers namely Prof. Akihiro Iwashita from Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, Dr. Swargajyoti Gohain from Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Kanpur and Ms. Shubhi Misra from CIPOD/SIS. The three papers presented were reflective of the diverse backgrounds of the presenters where in Prof. Iwashita highlighted the geopolitical salience of Borders in Eurasia with special focus on borders of Central Asia. The presentation also took stock of the emerging field of Border Studies in Japan. Dr. Gohain's sociological perspective added to the session with a focus on the Monyul region in West Arunachal Pradesh in India. She tried to show how military settlements as well as practices or renaming local place names map Monyul as Indian space, while marking it as discontinuous with cross-border circuits. Shubhi Misra brought to the session a popular geopolitical perspective on borders to the proceedings with her focus on "Depiction of Borders from the Cinematic Lens". The paper focused on how popular cinema addresses the geopolitical and geographical assumptions and notions vis-à-vis borders.

The Round Table conference came to a conclusion with a vote of thanks by the Seminar Convener Dr. Krishnendra Meena.

Krishnendra Meena, Assistant Professor
Centre for International Politics,
Organisation & Disarmament, SIS

National Seminar titled "Synergy Building in Indo-US Relations: Issues and Challenges in the Coming Decade"

A national seminar titled "Synergy Building in Indo-US Relations: Issues and Challenges in the Coming Decade" was organized by the Centre for Canadian, US & Latin American Studies, School of International Studies on 12 – 13 March, 2015 in Committee Hall – I, Convention Centre, JNU.

Indo – US relations have acquired a new momentum in the last few years. United States and India have moved from their historic estrangement to deep engagement. They have elevated their relations on all fronts and have explored bold initiatives in aviation, space, and energy cooperation. Economic cooperation too forms a significant area of growing bilateral ties.

In the past few years, relations between India and the United States have been carefully nurtured, with the expectation that this bilateral relationship has the potential to become one of the world's strategic pivots and improve prospects for global peace and prosperity. Such perceptions have been strengthened after the visits of Indian Prime Ministers to the US and the US Presidents to India. Joint statements have emphasized the priority India accords to the US which is perceived as a principal partner in the realization of India's rise as a responsible, influential world power. Equally important, the statements reveal how US recognized India's rise a friend and partner is in US interest. Vision statements for strategic partnership have not only provided a roadmap to strengthen and deepen cooperation but they also show a commitment to take the relationship forward despite difficulties and divergences that might arise.

The objective of this Conference is to assess how much continuity and change will characterize the strategic partnership of US and India based on the logic of an increased Indian engagement with the world that is bound to grow as India actively pursues its interests in the world.

The Conference aims to probe the emergent political equations between Washington and Delhi in order to understand the imperatives and constraints that propel the US and India towards wider and deeper cooperation and provide policy inputs. It aims at exploring how this multi-faceted strategic partnership tackles the issue of converging or diverging strategic and economic interests, given the remarkable expansion and growth of the bilateral relationship since the inaugural Strategic Dialogue in 2010.

This Conference is an initiative to bring together experts from academia, think tanks and practitioners, in order to discuss the emerging nuances of a rapidly maturing strategic partnership of global dimensions between the US and India.

K.P. Vijayalakshmi, Professor
Centre for Candian,
US & Latin American Studies, SIS

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Three Days workshop in JNU on 'Illusions and Delusions: Gender Intelligence and Self' for JNU Students, Book Exhibition and Exhibition of Goods made by Differently-abled Children

The Group of Adult Education, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, organized the second series of Workshop for Social and Emotional Capacity Building among JNU Students for three days from 13 – 15 March, 2015 in Committee Room, SSS-I. The Workshop was titled 'Illusions and Delusions: Gender Intelligence and Self.' The Workshop was full of interesting activities and energetic sessions and included discussions about movies, social media, literature, analysis of historical and current facts and events. Through various exercises like role plays, poster making, drawing, poetry, story-telling and sharing of personal experiences, students were encouraged to question their existing notions and perspectives about gender and think and rethink in a objective manner. The Workshop was conducted by Ms Vinita Satija (Practicing Psychologist and Consultant with Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad) and Mr. Rushi Bakshi (Consultant and faculty with IIM, Ahmedabad and a person with 35 years of experience in the field in different organizations including the Dutch Embassy).

The Workshop was inaugurated by the Dean of School of Social Sciences, Professor Aditya Mukherjee. While addressing the participants, Professor Mukherjee stressed that there are gender-related issues in the campus and we need to address them for excelling in our goals. He said that the beginning of solving our problems would be with the acceptance of the fact that all of face such issues and are incompetent to tackle with them without understanding the other gender appropriately. The organizer of the event and the Director of the Group of Adult Education, Dr. Ajay Kumar explained how our personal and professional lives are affected by gender-related problems and how important it is to address them to achieve our goals. The Workshop was accompanied by a book exhibition and an exhibition of goods made by differently-abled children from Handicapped Children Rehabilitation Associating, a Delhi-based NGO for helping differently-abled children. The Workshop was affected by 50 participants. Most of the participants said that the Workshop gave them novel ideas and facts to ponder upon and brainstorm and altered their perspectives about gender relationships to a great extent.

Ajay Kumar, Director
Group of Adult Education

CSSP Talk on Open Access in the Past, Present and Future of Scholarly Publishing

The Centre for Studies in Science Policy (CSSP) organized a lecture titled "Open Access in the Past, Present and Future of Scholarly Publishing" on 25 March, 2015 as part of CSSP Special Lecture Series. The lecture was delivered by Professor Michael Eisen, a professor of Genetics, Genomics and Development at University of California, Berkeley, USA. The session chair Dr. Saradindu Bhaduri of CSSP introduced the speaker as a lead biologist at UC Berkeley and an investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He works primarily on flies, and his research encompasses evolution, development, genetics, genomics, chemical ecology and behaviour. He is a strong proponent of open science, and a co-founder of the Public Library of Science(PLoS).

In this lecture Dr. Eisen described his journey into reforming world's scientific publishing, and more particularly the genesis of open access movement in the west. In 2000 Dr. Eisen joined his former postdoctoral advisor Patrick Brown and Nobel Prize winning cancer researcher Harold Varmus in launching PLoS in 2003. PLoS is a San Francisco based non-profit advocacy organization and a publisher dedicated to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. PLoS aims to eliminate the subscription based model that dominates the US$10billion per year scientific and medical publishing industry, which denies access to the results of publicly funded research to students, teachers, physicians and countless others who would benefit from access to latest scientific and medical discoveries. This alternative model aims to replace the subscription-based model with an 'Open Access' model that makes all published papers immediately and universally freely available. To establish the viability of this model, PLoS has launched a series of open access journals, beginning with PLoS Biology in 2003. Its journals have become highly successful (PLoS One, launched in 2008, is now the largest scientific journal in the world, and published close to 31,500 articles in 2013) and PLoS has become a major force in reforming scientific publishing.

The lecture concluded after a flow of comments by the experience researchers and a Q&A session with the audience comprise of research students. Audience of this talk was curious about the perceived challenges in open access publishing, particularly on sustainability and affordability of authors-pay model while dealing with researchers and research funders in the developing countries. Audio recording of this event is now available at www.mixcloud.com/cssp_jnu/, an open access audio channel maintained by CSSP, JNU.

Anup Kumar Das
Documentation Officer
Centre for Studies in Science Policy, SSS

The 6th Annual P. N. Srivastava Endowment lecture

The 6th Annual P. N. Srivastava Endowment lecture was held on 7 April, 2015 in the JNU convention center. The speaker was Dr. Radhakrishnan, Former Chairman of Space Commission/ Secretary of Department of Space/ Chairman of ISRO. ISRO's recent achievements have been the pride of India and Dr. Radhakrishnan drew a full house, as students, faculty and staff across many departments gathered eagerly to attend his lecture.

The lecture was a fascinating tour through the implications and potential of space technology. Dr. Radhakrishnan started by discussing the space economy that reaches across 40 countries and is estimated to be of several 100 billion USD in value. India is one of the leaders in this space economy. Currently, ISRO's satellites have diverse applications such as for communication, weather, remote sensing and navigation. Dr Radhakrishnan highlighted two hallmarks of India in the space sector: low cost space missions and indigenous development. In particular, he emphasized that only 10% of the parts for ISRO's mission were developed outside of India. Dr Radhakrishnan also laid out the future vision for space, including human-robot space exploration and international synergy in space missions.

Finally, he paid tribute to the legacy of Vikram Sarabhai and the teamwork culture of ISRO that has fostered an environment of excellence and persistence.

There was a generous amount of time for a lively question and answer session, with questions ranging over details of the Magalyaan mission, to ISRO's work culture, and how ISRO's successful innovation strategies could be adapted to other sectors of the Indian economy.

All in all, the entire program was a tremendous success and the audience came away with a deeper insight into the implications of space technology and economics and the impact it has on our lives.

Subhasis Ghosh, Dean
School of Physical Sciences

CSSP Talk on Reflections on the Political Economy of Diagnostic Innovation

The Centre for Studies in Science Policy (CSSP) organized a lecture titled "Blockbuster Diagnostics? Reflections on the Political Economy of Diagnostic Innovation" on 7 April, 2015 as part of CSSP Special Lecture Series. The lecture was delivered by Dr. Stuart Hogarth of Department of Social Science, Health and Medicine at King's College London, UK. The session chair Dr. Madhav Govind of CSSP introduced the speaker as a scholar working on history of medicine domain. Dr. Hogarth later shifted to work at the interface between medical sociology, bioethics and science and technology studies. In 2012 he was awarded a Welcome Trust fellowship to conduct a three-year comparative study looking at how DNA patents have affected the development and adoption of HPV tests for cervical cancer screening in the USA, UK and India. Building on this project he is now leading the development of a new research group within the department focused on the molecularisation of oncology. His work combines empirical research in a political sociology framework with normative analysis of public policy and commercial strategy. He maintains a blog Genevalues.wordpress.com.
In the first part of this Lecture, Dr. Hogarth discussed the consequences of and expectations from the Human Genome Project in diagnostic innovations. A decade after completion of the Human Genome Project, major public and private investments continue to fuel expectations that 'omics'-based diagnostic tools will unleash a biomedical revolution, redefining disease taxonomies, transforming clinical practice and revitalising the diagnostics industry. However, there is considerable uncertainty about how public policy should steer this new wave of diagnostic innovation. Much of that uncertainty revolves around three questions: what sort of clinical evidence do we need before a new diagnostic test enters medical practice; who should generate that evidence, and how can we ensure it is rigorously evaluated?

In this talk he suggested that three inter-related trends characterize contemporary diagnostic innovation: the corporatization of R&D; the emulation of pharmaceutical industry business models and marketing strategies, and regulatory expansion. Using cervical cancer screening as a case study, he described how development of the Pap smear in the first half of the twentieth century was led by the public sector (NGOs, academic scientists, government agencies) and contrast this with the development of a rival molecular technology in the late twentieth century: DNA diagnostics for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The HPV testing market has been dominated by a single company – Digene Corporation, in part because of a legal monopoly on HPV DNA patents, and in part because early-mover advantage has meant that the major clinical studies of HPV testing were conducted using their proprietary technology. The lecture concluded after a flow of comments by the session chair, vibrant discussion by the experience researchers and Q&A session with the audience comprise of research students. Audio recording of this event is now available at www.mixcloud.com/cssp_jnu/, an open access audio channel maintained by CSSP, JNU.

Anup Kumar Das
Documentation Officer
Centre for Studies in Science Policy, SSS

Labour Migration in Tajikistan by Prof. Khojamohammad Umarov

Prof. Khojamohammad Umarov, Head, Department of Macroeconomic Research of the Institute of Economic Studies, Ministry of Economy and Trade, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe is currently the Visiting Professor under the UGC Area Studies Programme attached to the Centre for Inner Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. One of his lectures held on 6 April 2015 discussed 'Labour Migration in Tajikistan'.

He began by stating how following soviet disintegration, Central Asia faced severe difficulties and challenges to transform into a democratic republic. Five independent countries emerged besides many others in Central Asian region as a result of the soviet breakup. One of the major challenges that hit Tajikistan was the labour migration which is now a serious threat to the country's development. All the Central Asian republics face labour migration but not to the extent that Tajikistan faces. The most important factors leading to migration as elaborated by Prof Umarov include:
• A high level of poverty
• Massive Unemployment created due to closure of post-soviet factories
• Poor economy and weak industrial factories in Tajikistan
• Disturbances created as a result of the Civil War, which lasted till 1996followed by large scale migration

Besides these factors, the recent economic crisis after 2000 also contributed further, to the massive migration from Central Asian countries like Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Nevertheless, Tajikistan is the worst hit. Prof. Umarov stated that if we look into the level of poverty the average salary varies from 80.9 USD per month depending upon sector to sector. The highest is in the banking sector that is 313.4 USD, while health is only 56 USD, education is 58.6 USD, and agriculture is 24.1 USD. Mainly the labour migrates to Russia and also Kazakhstan to some extent. Sixty percent of the migrants of Tajikistan belong to the agricultural sector and almost 80 percent who have migrated to Russia and Kazakhstan are villagers. The impact of this hits Tajikistan acutely leading to a severe deficit of workers in the Tajikistan villages. In these villages agriculture is the main component of their livelihood. So now agriculture is facing a serious deficit of laborers. As a result the government has started to organize labour bazaars from time to time to meet this deficit. Prof Umarov stated that the country's deteriorating economy and the huge impact that the civil war has left behind has resulted in the massive immigration during the year 1996.

The economy of Tajikistan is still below the subsistence level and is not able to meet the demands of essential commodities in daily lives hence migration continues at a rampant pace. Prof Umarov also stated that the statistics show the total income of a Tajik family as 750 somoni per year which is equivalent to 512 USD per year. The country is now classified as the world's lowest income holder, which in turn creates soft grounds for recruitment into terrorist organizations. The year 1996 was a result of immigration to various countries like Pakistan Afghanistan, UAE and other Central Asian republics. Those who immigrated to neighboring countries including Russia at the time of civil war never returned. Another important fact is that majority of the immigrants in Russia and Kazakhstan are illegal, only 8 percent are legally staying there. Now Russia is quite aware of the fact and it has imposed strict laws for migrant laborers such as, one must have knowledge of the Russian language, must know the history of Russia, its culture, music and painting. Moreover 70 percent of the Tajik men that leave for Russia end up having a Russian wife and get settled in Russia itself. Another 30 percent married Tajiks have extra wives in Russia. Due to this, the divorce rate is getting higher as the men take a divorce over the telephone. At present there are 4,00,000 unmarried girls below 35 years of age in Tajikistan. The women have also started migrating as they are not able to find a groom for themselves. Many government initiatives by Tajikistan have been taken. A 'fatwa' was issued but noone cares about the 'fatwa' that is issued by the government. Tajikistan's economy is now highly dependent on the remittances received from migrant laborer. A total salary remittances to the tune of 4.6 billion USD in 2013, was transferred by official banks. Another 1.2 billion USD from Russia to Tajikistan comes by hawala, like the food import to Russia from Tajikistan.

Forty percent of immigrants are seasonal workers who work from March/April to September/October, where in a total of 5.8 billion USD hawala comes from the Tajikdiaspora. From this seven 7 percent remittances are transferred to consumer goods. The total income from migrants is almost 7 billion USD which is almost 60 percent of the entire income of total Tajikeconomy, but the problem lies in the fact that no one sends money home; instead 70 percent of them want to get Russian citizenship and buy property there itself. Russia on the other hand has also given concessions as regards to buying of property. Out of the 7 billion USD earned by the Tajik's, 2 billion USD goes to China for buying cheap goods enhancing the economy of China. Around 57 percent of the Tajik immigrant workers work in various construction sectors in Russia. But the disruption came when most of the construction work stopped due to Ukrainian crisis leaving Tajik migrants totally jobless. Russia is now facing huge economic sanctions from the west. This has resulted in a reduction of remittances from Tajik workers back home. Remittances were reduced from 4.6 to 1.7 million USD due to many Tajiks becoming jobless. On the other hand Tajikistan too has nothing better to offer. Thus the problems are now multifold.

Sanchita Chatterjee & Pooja Kumara
Centre for Inner Asian Studies, SIS

Discourse on Challenge and Response as Faced by Contemporary Youth in the Context of Indian Culture

A meeting of the students, teachers and public was held in the SSS-1 Auditorium of JNU on 22 April, 2015. The topic of discussion was "Challenge and Response as Faced by Contemporary Youth in the Context of Indian Culture". Prof. S. K. Sopory, Vice Chancellor JNU was the Chief Guest. Dr. Sopory said the topic of discussion is very relevant. Modern youth facing the crisis of identity while striving for personal happiness, he should make effort so that others are also happy. Indian culture has taught this down the ages he said. In course of his address as Chief Speaker Sri Jatindra Nath Mohanty, Secretary, Satsang Vihar, Delhi said apart from various challenges faced by human beings, there are also challenges in the lives of plants and animals. But they face such challenges of survival instinctively, naturally, normally and effortlessly where as human being has to struggle, strive and make effort to face the challenges. Challenges are broadly external and internal. From birth till death there are multiple challenges from family, environment, career, competition, diseases, profession, poverty, culture, religion, science and technology etc. But the internal challenges are more formidable such as anger, hatred, jealousy, ego, intolerance, inferiority complex and many. So far youth is concerned, it is not time of life but a state of mind, a quality of imagination, vigour of the will, and appetite for adventure over the love of ease. As far as children are concerned, they have a future no past; with regards to older people there is mostly a past no future but a youth stands at the crossroad of past and future. Youth is the prime time of life. A young person needs to be harmonious, integrated, balanced and disciplined. Only by practicing right kind of concentration and meditation as prescribed by a powerful spiritual guide. The multidimensional Indian culture has provided such inspiring human ideals down the ages, Sri Mohanty said. After his presentation he interacted with the audience. Sri Abhimanyu Behera PhD scholar of JNU gave welcome address. Ms. Rinchen gave introductory. Dr. Mahesh Ranjan Debata conducted the proceedings. Sri Saroj Kumar Mohanty presented the opening song. Sri Jaydeep Pati a PhD scholar of BHU proposed vote of thanks. Sri Kalyan Mandal of JNU, Dr. Dibya of AIIMS, Dr. Prabhakar, Dr. Sambit co-opted.

Abhimanyu Behera
Doctoral Research Scholar
Centre for Russian & Central Asian Studies, SIS


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