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The Genie is Awakened in JNU

The Centre of Arabic and African Studies, School of Language Literature & Culture Studies, hosted an International Symposium on "Reception of the Arabian Nights in World Literature" in Jawaharlal Nehru University. The inauguration of the Symposium was held in the Auditorium of the School of Arts and Aesthetics in which Professor G.K. Chadha, CEO South Asian University, was the Guest of Honour; Dr Kapila Vatsyayan, M.P. Rajya Sabha and Chairperson IIC Asia Project was the Chief Guest; Prof. B.B Bhattacharya, Vice Chancellor JNU, presided over the inaugural session and Prof. G.K. Malik of Kashmir University delivered the keynote address. Prof. Syed Ahsanur Rahman, Chairperson CAAS, while welcoming the guests, delegates and participants of the Symposium from India, Afghanistan, Algeria, Bulgaria, France, Malaysia, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Pakistan, Iran and Turkey expressed his gratitude to them for responding to the invitation of the Centre of Arabic and African Studies, JNU. He spoke about the rich heritage of Arabic Studies in India since the advent of Arabs as traders to the subcontinent and Islam gave wide popularity to Arabic in the region. He appreciated the efforts of the Government of India and several Indian academic institutions to promote the subject but regretted that Arab embassies do so little for the promotion of Arabic in India. Ambassadors of 22 Arabic speaking countries to New Delhi were invited to the Symposium, but no one turned up. Dr. Rizwanur Rahman, the Director of the Symposium introduced the theme of Reception of the Arabian Nights in World Literature to the learned audience. He said that 'Arabian Nights' is a classic not only in the annals of the Arabic literature but it is looked upon as a literary heritage of the world'. It was in the fitness of the things to invite delegates from 12 countries including India at JNU to deliberate on the 'Reception of 'Arabian Nights' in the literature of the world' and also to strengthen the academic and cultural relations between India and other countries. Dr. Syed Akhtar Husain, Associate Professor in the Centre of Persian and Central Asian Studies, read the Message of Shri. M. Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India, in which His Excellency hoped that the "Symposium would go a long way in strengthening the age old cultural and historical relations between Arabia, Turkey and Iran and India". Dr. G. R. Malik, an eminent scholar of Kashmir University, Srinagar, delivered the keynote address of the Symposium and called the impact of the 'Arabian Nights' as the Spell of Infinity. The learned speaker cast his spell upon the audience of the Symposium and he discussed the cumulative effect of the  Arabian Nights on French, English, American, and Indian English literatures. He beautifully showed the radiance of 'Arabian Nights' cutting across Europe  and reaching the English Channel. He rightly quoted George Eliot, a great admirer of the East that the East was the land of the morning. According to Dr. Malik, 'Arabian Nights' are universal and timeless motives whose threads are inseparably interwoven by the collective consciousness of several races". In the tenth century of the Christian era, its nucleus began to swell in size and in the following three to five countries divers hands developed the tales in the present form of Alf Laila wa Laila (One Thousand and One Nights). The Nights created the image of the Orient as an exotic, magical and fantastical East ever exuding warmth and imagination. But the dominant concept emerged out of the pages of the Nights that echoes the message of the Quran: "There is no power and no virtue but in God the Most High, the Supreme".

Professor G.K. Chadha was the patron of the Symposium in the true sense of the term. He sincerely encouraged the organizers to host the Symposium and also conceded to their request to attend the function as the Guest of Honour. He aptly quoted the Urdu couplet: "Bahot shauq se soon raha tha zamana; Ham hi sogaye dastan kahte kahte" (People were listening to the stories but I fell to sleep which telling the tales to them). He found many similarities between the 'Arabian Nights' and the Indian classics namely the stories of the Panchtantra, Ramayana and the folk tales of the Frontier Hari Singh Nalva or Vikram Baital. Professor Chadha in his address touched upon the humane aspects of the 'Arabian Nights' and wished the participants to have very good academic deliberations in the three day 'Symposium'. Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan, an institution in herself, graciously gave academic and organizational succor to the international gathering of the scholars. She was glad to find organizations like Sahitya Akademi, ICSSR, ICHR, ICCR, NCPUL, IIC-Asia Project and the Ministry of Culture, Government of India supporting the Centre of Arabic and African Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University to continue the ongoing Asia dialogue. She saw through the prism of the single text of 'Arabian Nights' the whole trajectory of the Asian dialogue in which India, Persia. Arabia, Turkey and China all were closely interlocked with each other. The text of 'Arabian Nights' reinforces the child in man and takes him to the land of genii where he can watch diverse forms of human behavior. She maintained that the text of the 'Arabian Nights' was a floating text in medieval times and it traveled from India through the Silk Route of Afghanistan, Persia, Turkey and ultimately became a fixed text in Syria, Egypt and Baghdad, and hence it was called the 'Arabian Nights'. Dr. Vatsyayan believes that the Nights is a well structured corpus in which a child talks to an adult and asks about the fundamental question of morals in the stories. She thanked the Centre of Arabic and African Studies JNU for "including the drop out of the academia" in the Symposium. Professor. B.B. Bhattacharya in his presidential remarks appreciated the efforts of the organizers to host the International Symposium on the world classic Thousand and One Nights' Reception in World Literature and recommended the young students of literature to read the classic again and again. He saw in the Nights, the cross culture not talking of clash of civilization but reinforcing the values and morals of the Panchtantra, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata in the Middle East.

Dr. Basheer Ahmad, on behalf of the Centre, proposed a vote of thanks and acknowledged the support and cooperation of the above named sponsors and all the guests, delegates, staff members, participants for attending the inaugural session of the Symposium. Dr. Mujeebur Rahman who was conducting the inaugural function, invited the audience for luncheon hosted by the Dean of the School in honour of the guests and delegates of the Symposium.

In the afternoon, the first, second and parallel sessions were held in Arabic and Persian. Prof. Noman Khan of Delhi University and Prof. Shafique Ahmad Khan of Jamia Millia Islamia presided over the sessons in which Dr. Amin Yusuf Auda of Jordan, Dr. Sara Jouini Hafiz of Tunisia, Professor Shazli of Egypt, Dr. Zaim Khencholavi of Algeria and a host of scholars presented their papers on Sufism & Arabian Nights; Symbols of Asian Civilization; Impact of Arabian Nights on Hans Christian Anderson and Sufic Voyages of Sindbad, the Sailor. The Persian sessions were very lively in which Dr. Abul Qasim Radfar of Tehran; Prof M.S. Niazmand, Dr. Syed Akhtar Husain and Dr. Ishtiaque Ahmed were in the Chair. The Persian perspective, historical dimensions and literary merit of the 'Arabian Nights' were discussed in Persian by Dr. Husain Yameen of Kabul University, Mrs. Mandana Mangeli, Dr Nasrullah Faroohar of Islamic Azad University, and Mrs. Mehri Shah Hosseini, an independent scholar and poet from Tehran. The sessions ended with a vote of thanks.

Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan hosted the third, fourth, fifth and the sixth academic sessions of the Symposium in the Annex Auditorium, IIC, New Delhi.  Prof Yusuf Siddique of the University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, presided over the academic session in which five papers were presented. The first speaker of the session, Dr. Muzaffar Alam discussed nine stories of Alf Laila that were adapted by Kamil Kilani, a modern Egyptian writer of Arabic, as children’s literature. Dr. Ashfaque Ahmad of Silchar University, Assam, spoke on Women in Islamic Society: A Study based on the Arabian Nights. He underlined the value of fidelity and discussed extra marital sexual relationship in his paper. Mirza Nehal Beg, Regional Director of IGNOU at Srinagar Centre deliberated upon the Impact of the Arabian Nights on Sufism. Mr. Arshadul Qadri, Assistant Professor of Persian, University of Lukhnow talked about the Genesis of Sindbad nameh in the Arabian Nights. He believed that the name Sindbad nameh itself was of Iranian origin. It was translated into various languages of the world and through story -tellers found it way into the Arabian Nights.

Prof. Shankar Basu, Dean SLL&CS, JNU chaired the fourth session of the Symposium in which Prof. Nasar Shakeel Roomi discussed the 1001 Nights' Reception in Russia and traced the influence of the classic upon Pushkin and Tolstoy. Ms. Janashruti Chandra, Assistant Professor in the Centre for Japanese, Korean and North East Asian Studies treated the process of 'Reception of the Nights in Japan'. Dr. Alka Jaspal of the Centre of Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Latin American Studies presented her article on 'Arabic Influence on Medieval Spanish Literature:' A Case Study of Kalila wa Dimna. Dr Hasnain Akhtar of Allahabad University, drew the attention of the learned audience to the 'Reception of the Nights in Urdu Literature'. In this session topics mostly pertaining to renderings of the Arabian Nights into or their influence upon various languages, literatures and cultures were clustered together. The fifth session was chaired by the doyen of scholars Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan. In her session Professor Jean Jaques Thibon of Blaise Pascal University, France discussed, the presence of 'Sufism in Arabian Nights'. Mr. S.Ausaf Ali the founder member of Hamdard University was called upon by the Chair to comment upon the erudite paper. Mr. Ali remarked that during the Abbasid period when the embryo of the nights was developing, Baghdad was a vibrant centre of Sufism. Therefore, one could admit the Sufic presence in 'the Nights' and indeed Prof. Thibon's paper added a new dimension to the study of the 'Arabian Nights'. Dr. Ali Fuat Bilkan, Vice Rector THOBB University, Ankara Turkey presented the translations of the 'Nights' in Turkish language from the 15th to 20th century. Most of the translations of the 'Nights' are available in the Ottoman Turkish. Prof. Sadiq of JNU was requested to comment on the paper. Prof. Sadiq appreciated the effort of the speaker and said that the 'Arabian Nights' had enriched Turkish language and literature not only in the Ottoman period but also during the Republic. Dr. Kaseh Abu Bakr of Malaysian National University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia made her presentation on '1001 Nights in Malaysian Literary and Cultural Traditions'. She traced the deep influence of Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit on the Malaysian language, literature and culture and said that there were 4000 manuscripts about Arabian Nights in Malaysia. She teaches the 'Nights' to improve the language proficiency of students of Arabic studies in her University and maintained that the 'Nights' was the 'Harry Potter' of its time. Dr. Syed Akhtar Husain of Centre of Persian & Central Asian Studies, JNU spoke on the 'Reception of the Nights by Richard Burton'. The speaker said that Burton had really worked hard on the translation which he had admitted in these words: "I have carefully sought out the English equivalent of every Arabic word." Burton was a legend, knowing 29 languages including Arabic. His translation of the 'Nights' into English had enriched English literature. Perhaps, the story of 'Araby' by James Joyce could be a by -product of Burton's translation of the 'Arabian Nights'. Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan concluded the session with her brilliant presidential remarks that the stories of the 'Nights' swelled from 270 to 1001 with the march of time. The 'Nights' oral tradition encouraged the performance of puppetry in Turkey and theatre art in Malaysia. The single text of the 'Arabian Nights' assumed universal popularity and some gave a Sufic reading into the text which is a dimension of the Asian civilization, thus fusing the profane and the sacred together in this International Symposium. The sixth session of the 'Symposium' was presided over by Mr. S. Ausaf Ali in which four papers were presented. Prof Ismat Mahdi, Dr. Sevim Ozdemir, Prof Kafeel Ahmad Qasmi and Prof Nizamuddin were the speakers of the session. In his introductory remarks, Mr. Ausaf Ali said that actually there were 600 stories in the 'Arabian Nights'. The Arabs had learnt numerical from Indians and the figure 1001 denoted huge numbers and thus the huge number of the stories came to be known as '1001 Nights'. Indeed the stories in the 'Nights', like the 'Aesop's Fables', contain morals and wisdom as well. Prof Ismat Mahdi spoke about modern Sherazade and she analyzed the space given to women through the Nights in Arabic literature. Dr. Sevim Ozdemir discussed '40 Vazirs' Stories in Turkish Literature' and found them as the representation of the 'Forty Thieves' of the 'Arabian Nights'. Prof. Kafil discussed the Oriya translation of the classic and Prof. Naziruddin talked about the 'Reception of the Nights in the Culture and Literature of Kerala'. Mr. Ausaf Ali concluded the session with his presidential remarks that the world at large had contributed to the growth of the classic and India was the first country to publish the first printed edition of the '1001 Nights'.

The seventh, eighth and the valedictory sessions of the symposium were held in SLL&CS, JNU. Prof. Zubair Ahmed Farooque of Jamia Milllia Islamia and Prof. Jean Jacques Thibon chaired the sessions and Prof M.A. Jinabade presided over the seventh parallel session in which papers in Urdu were presented. The discussions in these sessions were exclusively in Arabic and Urdu in which the literary, historical and spiritual dimensions of the 'Nights' were underlined by the scholars. The valedictory session marked the end of the three days' international symposium. Three representative delegates: Prof. Ben  Ameur Taufik of Tunisia, Prof. Ahmad Abdul Quadir Shazli of Egypt and Dr. Abdallah  Bahloul of Tunisia expressed their remarks about the Symposium. Prof. Taufik was overwhelmed with joy to see the warm Indian response to the 'Arabian Nights' and noted that two vital issues-Gender and Islamic Culture-evolved out of the 'Symposium'. He was full of appreciation in the manner the three days' Symposium was organized by JNU. Prof. Shazli elaborated upon the Indo-Arab relations through the ages and said that the word 'Hind' (India) was very dear to the Arabs and the 'Arabian Nights' was an important link between India and Arabia. He congratulated the organizers and sponsors of the 'Symposium' for strengthening this link between India and various countries. Dr. Bahloul, on behalf of all the Indian and foreign delegates, expressed thanks to the Centre of Arabic and African Studies for organizing the 'Symposium'. He said that the Centre had provided an opportunity to the delegates to interact with different scholars from various countries of the world and also with the students of Arabic Studies and promoted interdisciplinary interactions in JNU. Dr. M.H. Karimi, Councellor, Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, New Delhi was the Chief Guest on the occasion and spoke about the rich cultural heritage of India, Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey and looked upon the 'Arabian Nights' as the cultural heritage of Asia. Professor Syed Shahid Mehdi, Vice President ICCR, presided over the function. He praised the Centre of Arabic & African Studies for hosting the 'International Symposium' in a very orderly manner and promoting the academic and cultural relations of India with Asian, African and European countries.

He was pleased to know that forty-two papers were presented in eight sessions and three papers were taken as read and there was participation of twelve countries in the 'Symposium'. Finally, Dr. Rizwanur Rahman, Director of the 'Symposium' proposed a sincere vote of thanks.

Syed Akhtar Husain, Associate Professor,
Centre of Persian & Central Asian Studies, SLL&CS

International Symposium on Endocrinology and Reproduction : Molecular Mechanism to Molecular Medicine

The Special Centre for Molecular Medicine (SCMM) organized an "International Symposium on Endocrinology and Reproduction: Molecular Mechanism to Molecular Medicine" and the 28th meeting of the Society for Reproductive Biology and Comparative Endocrinology (SRBCE).The symposium was co-organized with National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW), New Delhi.  The major aim of the symposium was to have eminent speakers discuss their exciting achievements and also to encourage young scientists, researchers and students to participate, discuss and promote research and teaching in the areas of 'Reproduction and Endocrinology'.

The symposium began with the 'Welcome address' by the organizing secretary, Dr. Rakesh K. Tyagi, SCMM, JNU. The event was formally inaugurated by the Patron-in-chief, Prof. B. B. Bhattacharya, Vice Chancellor, JNU. Prof. S. K. Maitra, President of the SRBCE delivered the introductory lecture followed by a keynote address by Prof. Deoki Nandan, Director, NIHFW. Vote of thanks was delivered by Prof. M. M. Aruldhas, Secretary, SRBCE.

Three full days of symposium and deliberations covered a broad range of topics falling under the theme of symposium and comprised of sessions on Molecular Medicine, Nuclear Receptors in Health and Disease, Endocrine Disrupters and Reproductive Toxicology, Stem Cells and Reproductive Biology, Endocrine-related Cancer, Infertility and Reproductive Technologies, Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Invertebrate & Vertebrate Endocrinology and Reproduction.

The success and popularity of the symposium was evident by a huge participation of more than 300 teachers, scientists, young researchers and students from various academic institutions. Forty five universities and fourty four institutes from India, USA, Iran, UK, and Singapore participated in the event. Senior scientists and active researchers who have made significant contributions in the above areas were invited from various universities as well as from Indian basic and medical institutes of national and international repute. The overwhelming response that the symposium received was evidenced by an entry of 120 selected abstracts. Papers were presented by participants belonging to India as well as from various countries giving it a true international colour. In addition to debates/discussions/brain storming sessions under the major thematic areas, selected platform and poster presentations by young scientists, post-doctoral fellows & students were the highlights of the symposium. Each day had exclusive time for posters and oral presentations which made an interesting viewership as well. The main focus and effort was to have vibrant scientific sessions that kept everyone abreast with the recent advances in 'Endocrinology and Reproduction'.

Different sessions of the symposium were chaired by eminent scientists and dignitaries including Prof. I. T. Huhtaniemi, Prof.  M. A. Akbarsha, Prof. Kasturi Datta, Prof. Bandana Chatterjee, Prof. K. Murlidhar, Prof A. V. Ramachandran, Prof. M. M. Aruldhas, Prof. M. M. Misro, Prof. Chimay K. Mukhopadhay, Dr. Suman K. Dhar, Prof. Maheep Bhatnagar, Prof. S. K. Maitra, Dr. Subeer S. Majumdar, Dr. Selvaraj G. Nataeaja, Prof. Rashmi Kaul, Dr. Franccis Sunny, Prof. K. Balasubramanian, Prof. Oommen V. Oommen, Prof. Sivabasaiah, Prof. N. Srinivasan, Dr. T. Shivanandappa and Dr. J. Arunakaran from different universities and institutes. The papers presented highlighted a number of issues and updates related to 'Reproduction and Endocrinology'. The symposium started with an exciting plenary lecture by an eminent and senior scientist of India, Prof. G. P. Talwar, the former founder-director of National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi. He stated the importance of immunological approaches towards prostate cancer. There were seven plenary lectures that were delivered by Prof. Samir Bhattacharya, Prof. Bandana Chatterjee, Prof. I. T. Huhtaniemi, Prof. Oommen V. Oommen, Prof. Kasturi Datta, Prof. Chandana Haldar and Prof. M. A. Akbarsha. In addition there were seventeen invited lectures, eight oral presentations, eleven short platform presentations by students and post-doctoral fellows that gathered equal attention from the audiences in all the sessions. Out of all the posters (101) and oral presentations (11) that were presented by young researchers, three students received the Prof. N. J. Chinoy award for best oral presentation and four students were given the Prof. N. J. Chinoy award for best poster presentation.

This year's 'Scroll of honour' from SRBCE was presented to renowned scientist Prof. Oommen V. Oommen for his lifetime contributions in teaching and research in the areas of 'Reproduction and Endocrinology'. Prof. Chandana Haldar gave a memorable account on his life-time contribution to the field of science. Dr. S. T. Dheen, from National University of Singapore was nominated this year for SRBCE's 'Fellowship in Reproduction and Endocrinology (FRE)'.

The concluding session was devoted to the analysis of highlights and recommendations for future course of action in the field of 'Endocrinology and Reproduction' by a panel. Not only the invited speakers but the whole audience comprising the students, young researchers were also given the opportunity to share their views and suggestions towards the symposium. The event concluded with 'vote of thanks' to all special invitees, participants and volunteers and funding agencies for their contribution and encouraging response to the success of the symposium. The symposium ended with the high-tea and post-symposium tour to selected places.

G. Mukohopadhyay, Professor
Special Centre for Molecular Medicine

Workshop on "Differently Abled Community in Higher Education: Reservation and Financial Policy"

The family of Jawaharlal Nehru University Disabled Persons Association (JNUDPA) has been celebrating World Disability Day every year since its establishment in the year 1992.
One day workshop entitled as "Differently Abled Community in Higher Education: Reservation and Financial Policy" as an extension of celebration of World Disability Day. The workshop was financed and supported by the Equal Opportunity Cell (EOC) of JNU.

In the beginning, Prof. Milapchand Sharma, the Co-Advisor, EOC, and Sh. Jit Singh, Nodal Offficer, EOC, greeted the participants on behalf of JNU. They also presented the work done by EOC in 2009 for a disabled friendly campus.

The focus of the workshop was highlighted by the Chief Guest, Mr. Javed Abidi, Honorary Director, National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People (NCPEDP), who in his address said, "we have to be united and have to fight for our rights. The mandate for disability in the 11th five year Plan is reflected in the Union Budget. This is a small victory for the disability sector which has long been demanding implementation of the chapter on disability in the XIth Five Year Plan".

Prof. Deepak Kumar, ZHCES/SSS, as the Chief Speaker, also emphasized, "the traditional and negative outlook of the society and the government towards disabled persons' reservation must be changed." Prof. Kumar hoped for the commencement of Disability Study Centre in JNU for providing a direction to the governmental policies related to the welfare of challenged community.

Issues traditionally overlooked in most discourses by and about Disabled were stressed by a special guest, Dr. Navneet Sethi, CES, SLL&CS. While concurring with the affirmative ideology at the core of reservation policies, Dr. Sethi, observed that, "Our efforts to create meaningful lives for ourselves can be effective and long lasting if we also give respect to our bodies and develop active, personal and community programs and regimens for healthier bodies. If we are fighting against preiudices about disability, then our battles have to be fought with our wills as well as our bodies. We must organize consciousness raising workshops for making ourselves healthier within the parameters of our existing challenges".

Representatives of Family of Disabled (FOD), a registered not-for-profit organization were present to introduce the work, history, objectives and achievements of FOD. FOD has developed projects like Apna Rozgaar, Beyond Limits and Gyan Path.
The workshop concluded with a unanimous proposal for setting up a specialized Centre for Disability Studies in JNU, in accordance with the provisions laid out by UGC.
The Vice President of JNUDPA, Mr. Pintu Kumar, moderated the proceedings of the workshop. Sh. Md. Tarik, the General Secretary of JNUDPA took care of the management of the workshop. In conclusion, Dr. Maitra gave the vote of thanks.

S.S. Maitra, President,
JNU Disabled Persons Association

"Construction and Contours of Crises in Health Care" a paper reading session by Prof. K.R. Nayar

The Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, School of Social Sciences, organized a paper reading session by Prof. K.R Nayar on "Construction and Contours of Crises in Health Care". Professor Nayar discussed the depiction of health crises in the international and national context by undertaking a systematic review of papers published between 1986 and 2009 and highlighted the dynamic linkage between societal crisis and health service system crisis. He argued that neo-liberal policies have impacted negatively on the poor in different countries especially with regard to health care accessibility and availability. The paper concluded that crises depictions within the health services indicated a larger societal crisis.  Based on the review, Professor Nayar advanced a tentative theorization of crisis in health care.

Rama Baru, Chairperson, Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, SSS


"Epidemiology" Lectures by Prof. Oilver Razum

Professor Oilver Razum, Head, Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Germany delivered two lectures on "epidemiology" on 4 and 5 March, 2010. In the first lecture, he delineated the seminal contribution of John Snow during the cholera epidemic in London in the nineteenth century.  He also discussed the pitfalls in causal thinking in epidemiology. In the second lecture, he discussed the methodology of outbreak exercise during epidemics and conducted an outbreak exercise with the participants.

Rama Baru, Chairperson, Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, SSS

International Conference on "Understanding Schopenhauer through the Prism of Indian Culture: Philosophy, Religion and Sanskrit Literature"

A two day International conference on "Understanding Schopenhauer through the Prism of Indian Culture: Philosophy, Religion and Sanskrit Literature" was organized at JNU by the Special Center for Sanskrit Studies, jointly with the Indian Division of Schopenhauer  Society and the Schopenhauerian Research Center of the University of Mainz, Germany. Distinguished Schopenhauerian scholar Prof. Matthias Kossler, the President of the Schopenhauer Gesellschaft, was present amongst others on this occasion.

A large number of foreign scholars from Germany and UK and many scholars from all over India assembled at the of Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies, JNU during 4-5 March, 2010 to pay their tribute and respect in memory of the first significant Western Philosopher who carried the wisdom of the Upanishads and the Buddhist ideas to the Western world. Schopenhauer was deeply influenced and overwhelmed by the Indian Philosophical thought and he considered Upanishads "the solace" of his life and solace of death" too.

Welcoming the audience, Dr. Aarti Barua, Director of the Indian Division of the Schopenhauer Society, briefly talked about the purpose of the conference and Professor S.R. Bhatt, Professor Emeritus, DU, gave a thematic introduction about the seminar. Inaugurating the seminar, Honorable Prof. Vachaspati Upadhyaya, Vice Chancellor, Shri Lal Bahadur S.R. Vidyapeetha, New Delhi, paid high tribute to Schopenhauer in his inaugural speech. Expressing deep regret that Indian scholars so far have failed to give due recognition to Schopenhauer's contribution in popularizing Indian philosophy in the West, Prof. Upadhyaya highly appreciated the efforts taken by the SCSS and IDSS towards giving due recognition to Schopenhauer. He appreciated that the new generation of Indian scholars have recognized the void and are trying to fill it by creating an awareness about Schopenhauer's contribution amongst us. He said that the bridge Schopenhauer built to connect Indian metaphysics with Western ontology should now be strengthened.

Professor Matthias Kossler, President of Schopenhauer Gesellschaft, Germany, Professor Sankar Basu, Chairperson, Special Center for Sanskrit Studies, JNU, and Professor Shashi Prabha Kumar from the same Center, and Dr. Stephan Dreyer, Director of Max Mueller Bhawan, delivered special speeches on the occasion where a large number of distinguished participants and students were present to pay respect to Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) on the occasion of his 150th death anniversary. A special tribute was paid to Schopenhauer by garlanding his photo which was specially brought from Germany for this occasion. Dr. S.K. Shukla, coordinator of the conference on behalf of Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies, proposed a vote of thanks in Sanskrit which had the audience spell bound.

In the valedictory session of the Conference Prof.T.S. Kulkarni, Chair in Hindu Studies of Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, delivered a special lecture and Mr. Ramen Deka, MP, also expressed his views.

Smt. D. Purandeswari, Honorable Minister of State, MHRD, was the chief guest in the concluding session of the conference. She congratulated the centre for organizing this special event which marks a new chapter of Indo-German relations. The honorable minister also formally released a book "Gandhi and Grant: Their Philosophical Affinities" edited by Aarti Barua and Published by Academic Excellence, New Delhi. She delivered a brilliant speech comparing George Grant with Mahatma Gandhi on the issues of technology and modernism with particular reference to Gandhi's "Hind Swaraj" and Grant's "Lament for a Nation".

On behalf of JNU, Professor V.K. Jain, Registrar,  welcomed the Honorable Minister and Prof. Sankar Basu, Chairperson of the Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies, explained the various activities being undertaken by the Centre and Prof. S.P. Kumar, advisor for the conference, thanked all those present on the occasion on behalf of the Centre.

Sankar Basu, Chairperson
Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies

Special lecture "The (Im) possibility of Development Studies"

Prof. Stuart Corbridge, Head, Development  Studies Institute London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, delivered a special lecture on "The (Im) possibility of Development Studies" on 5 March, 2010 at the School of Arts  and Aesthetics Auditorium. The public lecture was part of his visit to the Centre for Study of Regional Development as a visiting scholar under the Centre for Advanced Studies Programme of the centre. The public lecture was preceded by a series of lectures in the centre on various issues of development in an inter-disciplinary framework.

The theme of his lecture was the relevance of Development Studies as a discipline in the contemporary context for understanding the problems of developing societies. As he explained, "Development Studies is commonly understood to be committed both to a principle of difference (the Third World is different, hence the need for separate field of Studies) and a principle of similarity (it is the job of development policy to make'them' more like 'us'). This double commitment has led to important challenges to the intellectual standing of the discipline and/or its object of study, development".

Despite the fact that the field of Development Studies has been painted in recent years as irrelevant, teleological, and colonial in intent, masculinist, dirigiste and/or a vehicle for depoliticization and the extension of bureaucratic state power, Stuart argued that there are social and economic problems in poor countries, as in all countries, and that these problems must be addressed by particular forms of government and non-government intervention, the effects of which cannot always be anticipated. Governmentality is not something that can be escaped from, at least not if a person, group or country wants to participate in generalized forms of production, exchange and rule and following from this we need to understand and constantly challenge the particular forms of governmentality that are sponsored in its name. He further proposed that 'the responsibilities of critique' should not be reduced to the oppositional, nor should deconstructive forms of criticism be elevated above other forms of critique, whether radical (free market or Marxist), pragmatic or apparently non-judgemental. Development Studies might be under sharp attack, but it should not be put on the defensive simply because of its commitments to difference and sameness. What matters is the way in which these commitments are combined, not the fact that they are made at all.

While recognizing the urgent need for Development Studies to be critical and at times oppositional, Stuart Corbridge argued that an allied commitment to public polity-making can be taken as a sign of maturity. Development, and Development Studies, should be understood as sets of social practices, or technologies of rule, the organization and effects of which need to be contested and subjected to political and scholarly review.
The lecture was chaired by Prof. G.S. Bhalla, Emeritus Professor at CSRD.

G.S. Bhalla, Emeritus Professor
Centre for Study of Regional Development, SSS


ts,u;w esa vukfedk }kjk vius miU;kl ds va'kksa dk ikB vkSj ifjppkZ

ts,u;w ds Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk dsUæ dh vksj ls vk;ksftr ,d dk;ZØe esa fganh dh e'kgwj jpukdkj vukfedk us vius l|%izdkf'kr ^nl }kjs dk ihatjk* vkSj ^frudk fruds ikl* miU;klksa ds pqus gq, va'kksa dk ikB fd;kA mUgksaus viuh jpuk izfØ;k ds ckjs esa crkrs gq, dgk fd eSaus nks&rhu ihf<+;ksa dks le>us ds Øe esa gh dye mBkbZ gS vkSj pfj=ksa ds ek/;e ls mls l`ftr djus dk iz;Ru fd;k gSA gekjk ân; vdsyk ugha jg ldrk] vr% mls vusd pfj=ksa ds ek/;e ls bu miU;klksa esa le>us dh dksf'k'k dh xbZ gSA blds ckn muds miU;klksa ij ifjppkZ dk Hkh vk;kstu fd;k x;kA ftlesa izks- jkec{k] jktfd'kksj] izks- lqcks/k ukjk;.k ekykdj] oSHko flag] vuqjk/kk vkfn us Hkkx fy;kA
ofj"B fpard jktfd'kksj us vukfedk ds miU;klksa dk egRo izfrikfnr djus okys nks izeq[k rRoksa dk ftØ fd;k & ân; dh okilh dh ?kks"k.kk vkSj leqnk; dh [kkstA jktfd'kksj us miU;klksa esa fopkjksa ds egRo ij Hkh tksj fn;k vkSj dgk fd oSpkfjd miU;kl dks miU;kl u ekuk tkuk nq[k dh ckr gSA dsoy ukVdh;rk ykuk gh ys[kd dk dke ugha gSA le; ds lkFk ys[kd dh laosnuk cnyh gS rks ikBd dh laosnuk Hkh cnyuh pkfg,A ikBdh; o vkykspdh; laLdkj Hkh cnyus pkfg,A ekuo ân; dks fopkjksa us gh d#.kke; cuk;k gSA
bl volj ij ofj"B vkykspd o Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk dsUæ ds izksQslj jkec{k us dgk fd vukfedk vius ikBdksa ds LoHkko ls ifjfpr gSaA blfy, os chp&chp esa mUuhloha lnh ls Qykax yxkdj 21oha lnh esa vk tkrh gSSaA le; dh lhek dks NksM+ nsrh gSaA mu lc euq";ksa dks ik=ksa ds :i esa feyok nsrh gSa] ftudk geus bfrgkl iq#"kksa ds :i eas uke lquk gSA ,d ledkyhu xa/k ds lkFk ds'kopaæ lsu] eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr pys vkrs gSaA chrs tekus ds lkFk dk VSªftd laca/k eu dks Nw tkrk gSA izks- jkec{k us dgk fd ;s miU;kl ,d y; esa pyrs gSaA bl r; dks lk/kuk] bldks ikuk] bls idM+s jguk cM+k Je lk/; dke gSA bl ^y;* dks] bl rku dks miU;kldkj dbZ ckj rksM+rk gS] cnyrk gSA y; cnyuh iM+rh gS vU;Fkk miU;kl esa ,djlrk vk ldrh gSA vukfedk ,slk iz;ksx ugha dj ikrhA muds miU;kl dh Vksu fuf'pr gSA izks- jkec{k us vius oDrO; esa L=hoknh lkfgR; ij loky mBkrs gq, dgk fd vkf[kj D;k dkj.k gS fd fdlh L=h us fdlh iq#"k uk;d dk fp=.k ugha fd;kA iq#"kksa us rks egku L=h&ik=ksa dk ltZu fd;k gSA dkfynkl dh 'kdqaryk] iszepan dh /kfu;k] fueZy oekZ dh yfrdk] gtkjhizlkn f}osnh dh HkfV~Vuh] fuiqf.kdk ;k js.kq dh deyk vkfnA ysfdu efgyk jpukdkjksa ds lkjs iq#"k&ik= [kafMr fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA izks- jkec{k us blh Øe esa vukfedk ds nksuksa miU;klksa dk ckjhd fo'ys"k.k fd;kA
ts,u;w esa varjjk"Vªh; v/;;u laLFkku ds izksQslj lqcks/k ukjk;.k ekykdkj us lkfgR; dks bfrgkl dk ntkZ fnykus ds dksf'k'kksa ds ihNs ds fufgrkFkZ dks le>us ij cy fn;kA
ifjppkZ esa Hkkx ysrs gq, ;qok vkykspd oSHko flag us vukfedk ds miU;klksa dk egRo crkrs gq, dgk fd buesa igyh ckj vk/kqfud ;qx ds pfj= ds bruh csgrj izLrqfr dh xbZ gSA ysfdu buesa bfrgkl ls FkksM+h NsM+NkM+ Hkh dh xbZ gSA f'kokuh us nfyr L=h vkSj e/;oxhZ; dh lkfgR; esa txg laca/kh leL;k dh vksj b'kkjk fd;kA
bafnjk xka/kh jk"Vªh; eqDr fo'ofo|ky; ds MkW- nso'kadj uohu us x| esa dof;=h dk LoHkko >yduk vukfedk ds x| dh fo'ks"krk crkbZA bXuw ds gh MkW- jktsUæ ikaMs; us dgk fd ;g egRoiw.kZ ugha gS fd vki fdruk ekSfyd fy[krs gSa] cfYd egRoiw.kZ gS fd vki Kkr dks Hkh fdrus u, :i esa izLrqr djrs gSaA bl miU;kl esa iszepan] js.kq] tSusUæ lHkh dh >yd fn[krh gSA
vuqjk/kk us dgk fd vukfedk ds miU;kl eq[;r% L=h foe'kZ dk miU;kl gSA bUgksaus vius miU;klksa esa L=h Hkk"kk dk iz;ksx fd;k gSA dqN ,sls 'kCn gSa] ftudk dksbZ fo'ks"k vFkZ u gksus ij Hkh iafDr esa vkus ij lacaf/kr vFkZ /ofur dj nsrs gSaA vukfedk us vius miU;klksa esa bfrgkl dk cgqr jpukRed mi;ksx fd;k gSA miU;kl dh ?kVuk,a L=h ik=ksa ds vuqlkj pyrh gSaA bu miU;klksa esa dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks Hkh lgt Hkko ls dgus dh dyk gSA
ifjppkZ esa Hkkouk] ohjsUæ vkfn fo|kfFkZ;ksa us Hkh Hkkx fy;kA bl volj ij MkW- xksfcUn izlkn] fnyhi eaMy] lkse xksLokeh] xaxk lgk; eh.kk vkfn Hkh mifLFkr FksA dk;ZØe esa cM+h la[;k esa Nk=ksa us Hkkx fy;kA

ehrk lksyadh] Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk dsUæ]
tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky;

fu%Js;l % ije y{; dh vksj

Hkkjrh; n'kZu ,oa laLÑfr ds izpkj&izlkj gsrq lefiZr Lok;Ùk U;kl ßfu%Js;l % ije y{; dh vksjÞ }kjk ubZ fnYyh fLFkr laLÑr&Hkou lHkkxkj esa ^MkW- txUukFk fo|kyadkj O;k[;kuekyk* ds vUrxZr ßvk/kqfud Hkkjrh; fopkjdÞ fo"k; dh Ük`a[kyk esa egkRek xk¡/kh ,oa Lokeh foosdkuUn ij fo}kuksa us vius fopkj j[ksA
izks- edjUn ijkatis ¼ßvkaXy&Hkk"kk foHkkx] t-us-fo-Þ fo"k; & egkRek xk¡/kh½ ,oa MkW- ujsUæ dksgyh ¼ßiz[;kr fgUnh miU;kldkjÞ fo"k; & Lokeh foosdkuUn½] dks eq[; oäkvksa ds :i esa vkefU=r fd;k x;k FkkA eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa MkW- jekdkUr xksLokeh ¼egklfpo] vf[ky Hkkjrh; laLÑr&lkfgR;&egklEesyu½ dks vkefU=r fd;k x;k FkkA izks- 'kadj olq ¼Mhu] Hkk"kk lkfgR; vkSj laLÑfr v/;;u laLFkku rFkk v/;{k fof'k"V laLÑr v/;;u dsUæ] t-us-fo-½ rFkk fofHkUu fo'ofo|ky;ksa ds iz[;kr fo}ku ,oa 'kks/k&Nk= dk;ZØe esa mifLFkr FksA dk;ZØe dk 'kqHkkjEHk] nhiizToyu ,oa MkW- lq"kek pkS/kjh ds }kjk fd, x, eaxykpj.k }kjk gqvkA dk;ZØe dh v/;{krk izks- vferk flag ¼v/;{kk & fof/k ,oa vfHk'kklu v/;;u dsUæ] t-us-fo-½ rFkk lapkyu t-us-fo- ds fof'kf"V laLÑr v/;;u dsUæ dh vkpk;kZ ,oa fu%Js;l U;kl dh laLFkkfidk rFkk izcU/k&U;klh izks- 'kf'kizHkk dqekj us fd;kA
egkRek xk¡/kh dks ,d fopkjd ,oa vkn'kZiq#"k ds :i esa LFkkfir djrs gq, izks- edjUn ijkatis us xk¡/kh th }kjk fyf[kr fgUn&Lojkt dks vk/kkj cukdj muds fopkjksa dks izkaty ,oa izokge;h fgUnh Hkk"kk esa Jksrkvksa ds le{k LFkkfir fd;kA ;g mudk fgUnh Hkk"kk esa izFke O;k[;ku Fkk ftl ij lHkh us mUgsa lk/kqokn fn;kA mUgksaus vkt ds HkkSfrd e'khuh&;qx dh nqcZyrkvksa dks crkrs gq, bl fo"k; esa xk¡/kh th ds rsu R;äsu HkqathFkk % ds vkn'kZ ,oa mins'kksa dks fofHkUu ?kVukvksa ds ek/;e ls izLrqr fd;kA mUgksaus dgk fd vkt ds le; dh ek¡x xk¡/khoknh cuus dh ugha vfirq muds ekxZ dk vuqlj.k djus dh gSA muds ekxZ dk vuqlj.k djds gh ge lEiw.kZ thotxr~ esa lejlrk yk ldsaxs rFkk ,dks nso% loZHkwrs"kq xw<% dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, izÑfr ls rknkRE; LFkkfir dj ldsaxs
f}rh; oäk MkW- ujsUæ dksgyh us viuh rstkse;h ok.kh ds }kjk Lokeh foosdkuUn ds v}Sre; thou dh egÙoiw.kZ ?kVukvksa dh nqyZHk tkudkjh nsrs gq, Lokeh th ds n'kZu ,oa fopkjksa dks Jksrkvksa ds le{k gLrkeydor~ LFkkfir dj fn;kA lEiw.kZ okrkoj.k foosdkuUne; gks pqdk FkkA mUgksaus crk;k fd ujsUæ ¼Lokeh foosdkuUn½ ds vUnj bZ'oj dks [kkstus dh mRd.Bk fdl gn rd fo|eku FkhA ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd os jke Ñ".k ijegal ds f'k"; cus rFkk Hkkjrh; oSf'od laLÑfr ds egku~ /otokgd ds :i esa mUgksaus lEiw.kZ fo'o fo'ks"kdj if'pe esa Hkkjrh; laLÑfr ,oa fopkjksa dk Madk ctk;kA dksgyh th us Lokeh th ds v}Sr&fl)kUrksa dk cM+s gh lqUnj <ax ls izLrqfrdj.k fd;kA pkfjf=d 'kq)rk ij cy nsrs gq, mUgksaus crk;k fd Lokeh th dk ekuuk Fkk fd pfj=&fuekZ.k gh jk"Vª&fuekZ.k gSA
vius laf{kIr ,oa lkjxfHkZr Hkk"k.k esa lHkk/;{kk izks- vferk flag th us dgk fd nksuksa oäkvksa us thou dh O;kogkfjdrk dk bruk cf<+;k O;k[;ku fd;k fd Hkwr ,oa orZeku ds e/; lsrq LFkkfir dj fn;kA mUgksaus bl dk;Z ds fy, U;kl dks /kU;okn ,oa 'kqHkdkeuk,a iznku dhA vUr esa izks- 'kadj olq ,oa U;kl dh laLFkkfidk izks- 'kf'kizHkk dqekj us bl lQyre dk;ZØe ds fy, lHkh vkxUrqdksa dk vkHkkj O;ä fd;kA vk'kk gS fd U;kl Hkfo"; esa Hkh bl rjg ds fu;fer dk;ZØe djrk jgsxk ftlls ftKklqvksa dks Hkkjrh; n'kZu ,oa laLÑfr ds fofo/k i{kksa ij izkekf.kd tkudkjh izkIr gks ldsxhA

fo'os'k] 'kks/k&Nk=]
fof'k"V laLÑr v/;;u dsUæ] t-us-fo-

International Seminar on "People, Culture And Goods in Motion: India-Arab Maritime Historical Relations"

The Centre for West Asian Studies, School of International Studies, in cooperation with the India Art Cultural Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia University, organised an International Seminar on "People, Culture and Goods in Motion: India-Arab Maritime Historical Relations" from 3-4 March, 2010.

The origin of India's maritime contacts with the Arab world pre-dates even the genesis and spread of Islam. Islam's rapid spread, however, fostered it tremendously. It is almost obvious that this relation might have been organized sometimes before first century AD and that its origin was linked to the flourishing trade of the South Western Coast of India dominated by Arab traders. The recent archaeological excavations in Pattanam (Kerala) have brought forth a variety of tangible evidences for South India's trade links with the Arab World from first millennium BC. The Indian Ocean was then a complex region with extensive inter-regional economies and cultural exchanges. It was a locale of interaction for four major civilizations: the Perso-Arabic, the South East Asian, Indian and Chinese. Europeans were the later entrants into this confluence of civilizations. Cultural interactions, of course, had made headway in this more liberal framework of trade. Thanks to a sort of globality, there were deep, underlying cultural and material commonalities across these civilizations in areas such as food, agriculture, clothing and a plethora of other themes. During the first millennium BC, Romans, Greeks. Arabs, Persians, Arabs and the South Asians were the pioneers, who by land and sea, began to integrate the trading economies of the West, South and South East Asia. The wide trade network bounded by the Pacific at one end extending all the way to the Mediterranean at the other, constituted the foundation of an 'oriental global economy' during the later centuries. India held an all-important position in this oriental globalization as this region remained to be pivotal in the exchange of goods and ideas between the East and the West and maintained strong trade links with all the great empires of the period-Abbasid-Baghdad, Byzantine-Constantinople, the Holy Roman Empire, Moorish-Cordoba, and Zanzibar etc. The cultural results of these linkages also varied enormously. The long-distance trade in essentially high-value goods (like spices) spurred a number of factors that operated in promoting the cultures. Another salient feature of the development of maritime trade was the migration of substantial merchant communities from widely dispersed lands. The trading diasporas were actually universal phenomena throughout the Indian Ocean region, since the long distance trade necessitated a situation in which the trading communities had to settle for long period of time in the terminal points of trade. With such inalienable diasporas, the seaborne trade of ancient, medieval and early modern period had contributed to the embedding of all 'local' cultures in a given structural framework. With the migration of Indians to the Gulf countries, Indo-Arab relations, for more than half a century, have been on a distinct historical trajectory. Thanks to migration, the region has witnessed a series of diverse yet shared movements that profoundly have changed the social and economic relations. Migration has produced new styles of religious consumptions, novel forms of cultural practices, especially in places like Kerala. Most obviously, this slice in Indo-West Asian relations is more divergent and more fragmented, marking the mosaic-like appearance of several new socio-cultural phenomena. However, these transformations are not reflected adequately either by the local scholarship or by the others. And it is in the context of this great traffic of people, goods and ideas that we organized our Seminar.

Prof. Y.K. Tyagi, Dean, SIS, chaired the inaugural session and H.E. Dr. Mohamed Abdul Hamid Higazy, Ambassador of Egypt in India, delivered the Keynote Address, Shri Syed Shahid Mahdi, Vice President ICCR, New Delhi and former VC, Jamia Millia Islamia, delivered the Presidential Remarks while Prof. A.K. Pasha, Director, Gulf Studies Programme, CWAAS, SIS, gave the introductory remarks and welcomed the participants; Prof. P.C. Jain, Gulf Studies Programme, proposed vote of thanks.

The themes covered in the seminar included: 1) Historical Linkages and Cosmopolitan Networks, 2) Trade and Exchange of Goods 3) Merchants and Scholars in Motion and 4) Migration and Cultural Convergences. There were eight working sessions during which thirty two papers were presented. Foreign scholars like Prof. Omar Khalidi (MIT, Boston, USA), Prof. Gamal Hagar, (Alexandria University, Egypt), Dr. El Syed  Mekkawi (Egypt) participated in the seminar enlightening with their deep understanding of the issues.  Indian participants were from Delhi, Aligarh, Mysore, Bangalore, Kerala, Mumbai, Chennai among other places.

Prof. A.B. Sawant (Mumbai University), Dr. Omar Khalidi (MIT,USA) and Prof. Gamal Hagar (Egypt) presented their papers in the first session under the theme 'Historical Linkages and Cosmopolitan Networks'. Prof. Mohammed Gulrez, Director, Centre of West Asian Studies, AMU chaired the session. Dr. VS Sheth, Ex-Director, Centre for African Studies, Mumbai, chaired the second session in which Dr. Fazal Mahmood (CWAS, AMU), Dr. El Syed Mekkawi, Menufiya University, Egypt, and Dr. Rafiullah Azmi (CWAS, JMI) presented the papers under the theme 'Historical Linkages and Cosmopolitan Networks'.

In session three, the theme was on'Trade and Exchange of Goods'. H.E. Sheikh Humaid Bin Ali Sultan Al Manni, Ambassador of Oman in India, chaired the session and the paper presenters were Dr. Faisal Ahmed, New Delhi, Mr. Shelly Johny (CWAAS, SIS, JNU), Dr. Najaf Haider (CHS, SSS, JNU), Dr. Pius M.C. Melenkandathil (CHS, SSS, JNU), Dr. J. Rajamohamad (Chennai). The fourth session was on the theme 'Trade and Commerce Issues'. Prof. Shamir Hasan, Ex Chairman, Centre for West Asian Studies, AMU, chaired the session and the paper presenters were Prof. M. Gangadharan (Kerala), DR. Javed A. Khan (JMI, New Delhi), Dr. L. Swamy (Mysore), Dr. Mohammed Shafi (Bangalore) and Dr. Mohamdul Haq, Ex-Director, Centre for West Asian Studies, AMU, Aligarh.

The second day of the seminar was held in Tagore Hall, India-Arab Cultural Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. The fifth session under the theme 'Merchants and Scholars in Motion' was chaired by Prof. P.C. Jain, GSP, CWAAS, SIS. Dr. Mohd. Azhar (AMU), Prof. A.K. Pasha, Dr. Omar Khalidi, (MIT, Boston, USA) Rejeesh Kumar, (CIPOD, SIS, JNU) presented the papers. Dr. El Sayed Mekkawi, Egypt, under the theme Merchants and Scholars in Motion chaired the sixth session with Ms. Sima Baidya (JNU), Dr. Sheikh Mastan (Bangalore University), Sh. Gurusiddaiah (Mysore University) and Anju J. (CWAS, JMI), presenting the papers, Dr. A.B. Sawant, Ex Director, Centre for African Studies. Mumbai University chaired the seventh session under the theme 'Migration Concerns'. Prof. P.C. Jain (JNU), Kundan Kumar (JNU), Dr. M.H. Ilias (IACC, JMI, New Delhi), Dr. Anisur Rehman (ASC, CWAS, JMI), and Prof. M.A Saleem Khan, Ex-Director, Centre of West Asian Studies, AMU, Aligarh, presented the papers.

The final session was chaired by Mr. Ishrat Aziz, Ex-Ambassador, MEA, New Delhi, and the theme was on 'Cultural Convergences'. Dr. Aftab Ahmed (IACC, JMI), Dr. Mukhtar Alam (CAS SIS, JNU), Dr. Suhaib Alam (JMI) and Dr. Mohd. Ajmal (JNU) presented papers.

The seminar was well attended with over 100 participants and a vibrant interaction after every session immensely enriched the discussion.

This was the first international conference organized by the School of International Studies on the maritime historical relations between India and the Arab World. It not only attracted well known scholars in the field but experts from Centre for Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, JNU presented papers for the first time in SIS thereby initiating greater interaction among different Centres/Schools in JNU.  Also, for the first time JNU was successful in cooperating with another well established centre like India-Arab Cultural Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi to make the conference a success.  Some diplomats based in Delhi attended the seminar. The most important goal was to sensitize SIS students about the importance of India's historical maritime relations with an important region in the neighborhood.

A. K. Pasha, Professor
Centre for West Asian & African Studies, SIS

International Seminar on Language Education: A Bridge between Language and Culture

The Centre for Japanese, Korean and Northeast Asian Studies, School of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, JNU jointly organized an International Seminar titled "Language Education: A Bridge between Language and Culture" with Japan Foundation, New Delhi and The Centre for Japanese, Waseda University on 12-13  March, 2010 in JNU.

Prof. R. Kumar, Special Advisor to VC, JNU, graced the occasion and delivered an insightful Inaugural Address. He released a book titled "Japanese Studies: Changing Global Profile, edited by Prof. P.A. George, by presenting copies of the same to Mr. Nao Endo, Director Japan Foundation New Delhi Office and Prof. Hosokawa Hideo, the keynote speaker from Waseda University, Tokyo. The book is an edited volume of research papers presented at the International Conference titled "Changing Global Profile of Japanese Studies: Trends and Prospects" held at JNU in March 2009.

Prof. Sankar Basu, Dean, School of Language, Literature and Culture Studies delivered the welcome speech. The Keynote Address was delivered by Prof. Hosokawa Hideo, visiting faculty at the Centre for Japanese, Korean and Northeast Asian Studies, from Graduate School of Japanese Applied Linguistics, Waseda University, Japan.

Prof. P.A. George, the Seminar Convener, briefly introduced the seminar to the audience. The Centre chairperson Prof. Manjushree Chauhan, welcomed the guests and speakers of the Inaugural Session by presenting bouquets. The inaugural session concluded with the vote of thanks given by the Seminar Coordinator Ms. M.V. Lakshmi.

The Seminar was divided into seven Academic sessions covering areas such as new teaching methodologies to introduce Culture into the Language Classroom, Linguistics, Classroom activities, Evaluation methods and Selection and reading of Literary and non-literary texts as culture texts among others.

There were a total of twenty-seven paper presenters in the seminar. They included faculty members, research scholars and students from Waseda University, Japan; English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad; Delhi University and Jawaharlal Nehru University.

M.V. Lakshmi, Associate Professor,
Centre for Japanese, Korean & Northeast Asian Studies, SLL&CS

Seminar on Contribution of Kerala Muslim Scholars in Arabic and Islamic Studies

Students of Centre for Arabic and African Studies (CAAS) conducted a one day Arabic seminar on "Contribution of Kerala Muslim scholars in Arabic and Islamic Studies" on 25 March 2010. Fourteen scholars presented papers on different areas of the subject in the seminar which consisted four sessions including the inaugural. In the inaugural session, which was presided over by Dr. Mujeebur Rahman, Hasan Zakariya Hamad (Palestine) delivered the inaugural address. Dr. Rizwanur Rahman, Dr. Quthbuddin, Muhammed Dua'd (Yemen) and Muhammed Gazzali (Nigeria) spoke in the session. In his presidential address Dr. Mujeebur Rahman noted that it was a bold and praise-worthy initiative on the part of students to come up with a great academic venture.

The seminar was arranged in four sessions including three in Arabic and one in English. Accommodation of modern disciplines in the writings of Muslim scholars, Anti-Colonial and Sufi Writings, Islamic Law and Jurisprudence and Socio-Cultural Development of Kerala Muslims were the tittles of the session respectively. In each sessions scholars from different Arabic and African countries participated as chief guests. All Sessions of the seminars were marked by the dynamic interactive inputs by the participants and audience.

Mohammed Shafi. KP, Research Scholar
Centre of Arabic and African Studies, SLL& C

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