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Workshop on Development of Institutional Repository using Dspace

The JNU Central Library in association with INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad organized the five-day Workshop on Development of Institutional Repository using Dspace with Special Reference to Creation of ETD Archive during 23-27 July 2012 at the Committee Room of JNU Central Library. The Workshop started with an inaugural session, where Dr. Ramesh C Gaur, University Librarian welcomed the speakers and delegates and gave a formal introduction to the workshop. Professor S.K. Sopory, Vice Chancellor of JNU chaired the inaugural session. In his inaugural address, Professor Sopory stressed the importance of having an institutional repository as JNU is actively seeking international collaborations in the frontiers of knowledge and institutional repository can increase international visibility and availability of research literature originated from JNU. International research collaborators usually visit institutional repositories of prospective institutions to evaluate quality of research work or availability of subject specialization. Professor Sudha Pai, Rector of JNU, in her opening remarks pointed out that there is necessity to provide access to all major research publications of JNU from a common online platform. Thus, institutional repository is appropriate platform to archive research papers, dissertations, theses, project reports and other research literature.

In this workshop seven sessions were devoted for learning practical and theoretical aspects of Linux operating systems. Mr. Gopal Krishan of IIT Delhi was the resource person for Linux. He introduced Ubuntu version of Linux to the workshop participants. They also got hands-on training on installation, basic commands, system administration and network security of Ubuntu.

On 25th and 26th July, workshop participants had great experience in learning from the legend. Professor A.R.D. Prasad of Documentation Training and Research Centre (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore was the resource person for providing hands-on training in DSpace software. DSpace is free and open source software (FOSS) for creating digital repositories and online archives. DSpace is widely used for developing institutional repositories in India and other countries. Prof. Prasad taught participants installation, basic configuration, customization and administration of DSpace. He also demonstrated how communities and collections are created; full-text documents are uploaded along with their metadata information. Institutional repository (IR), built upon DSpace, empowers any registered user to submit his/her full-text research papers into the system. Once administrator approves, these papers would be archived permanently on the IR database. Thus, DSpace gives a decentralized model of submission, and brings more users in building a rich collection of research literature. Mr. Swapnil Patel of INFLIBNET Centre also served as resource person for DSpace.

On 27th July, Dr. Bibhuti B. Sahoo of IIT Delhi introduced metadata standards for digital content to workshop participants. In the next session, Dr. Ramesh C Gaur delivered a presentation on digitization and digital preservation: issues and challenges. A special session was devoted to open discussions. This session provided a platform and a unique opportunity to share experiences and discuss best practices in building institutional repositories and creating ETD (electronic theses and dissertations) archives.

In the valedictory session, Mr. Bibhuti Bhusan Pattanaik, Workshop Coordinator presented summary report of the workshop. He informed that they could accommodate only forty library and information systems professionals for this workshop to get hands-on training, although there were many more applicants. All participants received participation certificate and workshop materials on CD-ROM in the valedictory session. This session concluded with feedback from the participants and vote of thanks.

Anup Kumar Das
Documentation Officier
Centre for Studies in Science Policy, SSS

Eighth Moonis Raza Memorial Lecture

The Centre for the Study of Regional Development (CSRD) School of Social Sciences, organized the Eighth Moonis Raza Memorial Lecture on 27 July 2012 at SSS, Auditorium. The Lecture titled "Response to Change: Denial, Resistance or Adaptation" was delivered by Professor Jorg Imberger, Director of the Centre for Water Research, University of Western Australia. Professor S.K. Sopory, Vice Chancellor of JNU chaired the Lecture session. Professor Zoya Hasan, Dean of School of Social Sciences, introduced the legacy of Professor Moonis Raza in institution building during the formation years of JNU. Prof. Raza was the one of the founder members of JNU and CSRD. He later became Director of National Institute of Planning and Administration, Chairman of the Indian Council of Social Science Research and Vice Chancellor of Delhi University. CSRD organizes the annual memorial lecture for paying tribute to this genius.

Professor P.M. Kulkarni, Chairperson of CSRD, introduced the speaker Professor Jorg Imberger to the audience. Prof. Imberger has been awarded a range of international and national prizes. Internationally, he has received the Onassis Prize for the Environment and the Stockholm Water Prize, beside many others. He is a Fellow of the US National Academy of Engineering, the American Geophysical Union and the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK.

Prof. Imberger started his lecture by introducing response to death of an individual. He identified five unique reactions to death, namely, denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. Denial is typically experienced when we first hear news of death. Denial diminishes as we come to acknowledge the loss. Anger is the reaction that commonly takes the form of helplessness and powerlessness. Bargaining is the feeling of remorse and guilt may also emerge at this stage. The individual feels "if I had done such … death would not have occurred". Then depression comes in as one recognizes the extent of loss. Also feelings of loneliness, sadness, emptiness and self-pity emerge. Then acceptance of the loss and the finality of death begins to emerge.

Prof. Imberger drew the analogy of the response to death to an individual with response the change to the society. Change in the name of progress during the industrial and post-industrial society in 1900s and thereafter, as he identified, have four distinct characteristics: (i) Anthropogenic emissions have triggering new carbon emission loops. Warming since last ice age is the result of switching on aggression. (ii) Homogenization of habitats is leading to species instabilities. Although, five million years of building DNA inventory on earth continued until 1900s with stability through diversity and filling habitats. (iii) Globalization is leading to economic chaos and preventing sustainability through wealth inequality. (iv) Living like there is no tomorrow.
He described how lack of adaptation in modern society brings a dark future. Modern human thinks growth is success and adaptation is defeat. 100 years of technologies gradually removed icons of life, spirituality and cultural diversity from the society. This period also witnessed increased rate of anger, depression, denial, and demand living. He showed evidences from his reference frame of last 100 years. To him anger is evident as global spending on aggression and health is increasing manifold. Depression is evident as UN Drug Report 2012 shows alcohol, illicit drugs and tobacco users have grown manifold. Denial is evident as forest regenerated in last 100 years is very insignificant. Demand living evident as more stress, low baby weight, more abnormal behavior are rampant in today's world.

To Prof. Imberger, responding to the challenge is adaptation. The way forward is adaptive real-time stakeholder participation in decision making. He also demonstrated how adaptive real-time stakeholder participation can be visualized in a controlled environment with a real-time management system online, a model developed by his team of researchers.

After the lecture, Prof. Sopory, the chair of this session, commented that as a scientist it is very difficult to accommodate so many parameters as presented in this lecture. Healing power of nature is not changed, but destructive power of human being is changed significantly. Younger generation must be taught what is happening around us and how to respond to change. The Lecture session concluded with a vibrant interaction with the audience and, vote of thanks by Dr. Milap Punia of CSRD.

Anup Kumar Das
Documentation Officer
Centre for Studies in Science Policy, SSS

Eighth J.P. Naik Memorial Lecture

The Educational Records Research Unit (ERRU) organized the J.P. Naik Memorial Lecture, an annual feature since 2005, to commemorate the death anniversary of eminent educationist J.P. Naik, who founded ERRU in 1971. The eighth memorial lecture was delivered by Professor Ghanshyam Shah, former Professor of JNU, on 30 August 2012, in the Committee Room of SSS-I. Professor Vidhu Verma, the Director of ERRU, appraised the audience with the activities of ERRU and also introduced the speaker. The session was chaired by Vice-Chancellor S.K. Sopory and attended by a large audience of scholars. Professor Shah spoke on 'Democracy, Equality and Education', emphasizing that democracy and education for all are closely related. Education has the potentiality to develop 'critical thinking', necessary for political participation and decision making, as it empowers people by developing their capabilities to challenge the unjust social order and dominance of the few.
Professor Shah submitted that capabilities of people to raise questions and find alternatives are essential for an effective democratic system. But they need not be a pre- requisite for initiation into the democratic system. They develop in course of time with the social, economic and intellectual empowerment of the people, which is a process. Therefore, there is an intrinsic onus on the democratic government as well as on the elite, who believe in democratic society, to create the environment and the system within which to develop capabilities of all the citizens. These conditions enable people to participate meaningfully in the decision making processes for common good. In fact Western political theorists believe that education is a pre-requisite for the functioning of democracy. Therefore, many Western scholars and political leaders were apprehensive about the introduction of adult franchise in the Indian Constitution and viability of democratic system. But Indian democracy has now crossed six decades. It remains to be seen to what extent the people of India have been able to participate in the decision making process meaningfully.

Professor Shah argued that equality and liberty are the essence of democracy. Education has resource to enhance and nurture them. Equality in education accelerates democratic processes. Education has spread and its level has also increased, albeit very slowly. It has shaken and to some extent eroded the ascribed inequality. Now with neo-liberal economy regime education is reshuffling inequality by co-opting a microscopic few of different social groups and women in the upper-fold. In the process a vast majority of the population are getting eliminated from availing of quality education and opportunities to improve their life chances.

Professor Shah dealt with these questions in four sections. In the first part he briefly put forward the notion of democracy and importance of equality for its effective functioning. For the architects of Indian Constitution, the democratic system was the rule of all the people rather than of the Western liberal notion of rule of the propertied class or Marxist notion of rule by the proletariats. After Independence, India accepted co-existence of the democratic system with a growing modern market economy controlled by the propertied class. It was hoped that the control of the latter would decline in the course of time with the empowerment of the people. In the second part of his lecture Professor Shah discussed the relationship between education and social transformation. He then described the formation of various education policies and the role of civil society therein. In the third section he presented empirical data on spread of education. This included enrolment, drop/push out and gender participation. Based on the data, Professor Shah highlighted the exclusion of a vast majority of poor from quality education. The lecture was opened for discussion as a response to the audiences' interest on the issues raised by the speaker and was concluded with a vote of thanks by Dr. Joseph Bara.

Ch. Radha Gayathri
Research Officer
Educational Records Research Unit/ SSS

Lecture Series on Buddhist Traditions

Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies, organized a Special Lecture Series, the Speaker was Jinwol Young Ho Lee Chair Professsor of Seon Studies at Dongguk University in Gyeongju, Korea. This programme was convened and coordinated by Prof. C. Upender Rao.

Jinwol Young Ho Lee spoke on "Characteristics of Major Practices in Theravada and Mahayana Buddhist traditions" on 24 August 2012. This lecture was chaired by Prof. Sempa Dorje, President and Director, Karmapa International Buddhist institute, New Delhi. On the same day from 4.00 p.m. to 5.00 p.m. Jinwol Young Ho Lee spoke on the theme "How Buddhist Traditions have formed Differently in Theravada and Mahayana?" which was chaired by Prof. S. P. Kumar. The third lecture was on 25th August, 2012 (Saturday) 11.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon on "Meditation Practices in Mahayana: Dhyana (Chan/ Seon / Zen)". This lecture was chaired by Prof. Dong Hyeon Jung, Professor Emeritus, Pusan National University, Korea.

In his lectures Jinwol Young Ho Lee explained that there have been various Buddhist lineages and schools around the world for two thousand five hundred years, including Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions. History shows that there were many different Buddhist sects under the different situations of sociopolitical and cultural diversity of the regions in India, East and Southeast Asian countries and other parts of the world. It is recognized that Korean Buddhism is classified as a Mahayana tradition. Buddhism in Korea had reached its apogee in the latter half of the seventh century when Silla unified the Three Kingdoms, since Buddhism had been introduced to Korean peninsula in the early 4th century. Buddhism permeated and inspired every aspect of the country's socio-cultural life.

Seon (Dhyana/Chan/Zen/Buddhist Meditation) practice has been recognized in Korea as the best among all Buddhist practices to attain Enlightenment. Seon training emphasizes daily life practice, along with intensive periods of meditation. However, focusing on the Awakening or Enlightenment has always been the ultimate goal no matter where or when one is situated, but one should always be aware of being in the here and now. According to tradition, Seon originated in India as a transcendental non-verbal Dharma which was communicated and transmitted directly by the Buddha Shakyamuni to Mahakashapa, one of his principal disciples. It was later taken to China by Bodhidharma in the 6th century, where it was subsequently transmitted to other parts of Asia. Seon was introduced into Silla Korea by Doeui Myeongjeok in the 9th Century. Though the traditions have spawned numerous lineages, they all share two elements: a metaphysical system postulating that reality is essentially empty and a stress on the practice of meditation. Seon practice is good to develop spirituality for everyone no matter one belongs to what tradition and situation.

All faculty and students number of Korean scholars were present in these lectures. Programme ended with the vote of thanks by Prof. C. Upender Rao.

C. Upender Rao
Professor, Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies

Colloquium on Philosophical Engagement with Daya Krishna

A two-day international colloquium on the theme Philosophical Engagement with Daya Krishna was organized by the Centre for Philosophy, in collaboration with Centre for Studies in Civilizations, New Delhi on September 17 and 18, 2012 at the Conference Room of the Centre. Scholars from different disciplines, ranging from philosophy, social sciences and literature, participated in the colloquium.

Professor Daya Krishna was one of the most creative and original Indian philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. Today, his thoughts and philosophical articulations are beginning to attract a large number of scholars in philosophy and allied disciplines. This colloquium is yet another engagement in the series of conferences and seminars organized at various parts of India to engage with his philosophy ever since he passed away in 2007.

Daya Krishna had written extensively ranging over a large canvas starting from the very nature of philosophical enquiry to issues in Ontology and Epistemology, Ethics and Aesthetics, and even to theorizing social sciences. The present colloquium, however, focused only on areas of contemporary academic concerns and research interests of the scholars invited for engaging with his ideas.

The colloquium was organised in the true dialogical spirit of what Daya Krishna termed as samvad. It was not about mere exposition of Daya Krishna's philosophy and works, but an engagement with the philosopher by scholars working in their respective areas of interests. It was a search for a meeting point.

The colloquium was planned through four interactive sessions in addition to the inaugural and valedictory sessions, viz. (i) Daya Krishna on Civilization, Knowledge and Social Studies, (ii) Daya Krishna and Indian Philosophy, (iii) Alienation, Freedom and Creativity, and (iv) (Im)possibility of Newness in Philosophy.

The inaugural session was chaired by Professor Mridula Mukherjee, Dean, School of Social Sciences. The session started with Dr. Bhagat Oinam, In-charge of the colloquium, welcoming the participants and stating the purpose and rationale of organizing the colloquium. It was followed by a brief note on Daya Krishna's life and work by Dr. Daniel Raveh, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Tel Aviv University. Inaugural address was delivered by Professor R.S. Bhatnagar, Retired Professor of Philosophy, University of Rajasthan, who also happened to be a close associate of Professor Daya Krishna.

The first academic session titled Civilizations, Knowledge and Social Studies was chaired by Professor Gurpreet Mahajan of JNU and deliberated upon by Professor Shail Mayaram of CSDS, Professor R.P. Singh and Professor Satya P. Gautam of JNU. The focus of the discussion was on Daya Krishna's take on civilization and utopia, and further on the issues of decolonization of knowledge and social studies. One of the highlights of the discussion was on how the aims, methods and problems of social sciences are distinctively different from that of the natural sciences.

In the second session titled Daya Krishna and Indian Philosophy, three scholars, Dr. Heeraman Tiwari and Dr. Manindra Nath Thakur, both from JNU, and Dr. Bharati Puri of IIT Delhi deliberated on the theme. It was chaired by Professor R.S. Bhatnagar. Discussions ranged from Daya Krishna's writings on Indian philosophy and some of the contemporary issues faced by the philosophers of younger generations. The issues range from that of philosophy of language in Indian tradition, to social science studies in India, and further to specific contemporary problems of Buddhist philosophy. One prominent issue that came up in the discussion was the limitations that arise out of unmindful acceptance of classical Western philosophy as the paradigm for understanding Indian social and political realities by the contemporary Indian social scientists. Hence, a need was felt to go to Indian philosophical tradition as the paradigm for understanding Indian social realities.

The third session titled Alienation, Freedom and Creativity was centred mainly on one of Daya Krishna's article titled "Alienation: Positive and Negative" (1970). The session chaired by Professor Bijoy Boruah of IIT Delhi had presentations from Dr. Bhagat Oinam and Dr.Bimol Akoijam of JNU, and Dr. Sonia Weiner of Tel Aviv University. The highlight was on Daya Krishna's insistence in showing alternative ways of understanding alienation (existential) in some Indian philosophical systems contrary to Western notion of alienation based on historical contingencies. Attempts were also made to compare and contrast the works of Freud, Marx and Daya Krishna on the issues of alienation and freedom. Further, alienation as existential condition for creativity in migratory aesthetics was also discussed.

The fourth session titled the (Im)possibility of newness in philosophy was chaired by Professor Franson Manjali and deliberated upon by Dr. Daniel Raveh, Dr. Manidipa Sen of JNU and Dr. Manish Sharma of University of Delhi. While engaging with newness of philosophy one specific issue emerged – whether contemporary ways of philosophizing are anything new or mere continuation of the same ways formulated by earlier philosophers. A pertinent question was if Being encompasses non-Being, or the latter is an exclusive category. It was also argued that newness of philosophy could be decided on our acceptance of the category of non-Being.

The valedictory session was chaired Professor Bhuvan Chandel, Member Secretary of Centre for Studies in Civilizations. The session took an overview of various areas in which further research on the works of Daya Krishna could be taken forward. Critiques on Daya Krishna's position and philosophizing were also brought forward. Several areas in Indian philosophy, social and political philosophy and various issues on philosophy of knowledge and language were also highlighted.

The colloquium brought before the faculty and students how we can take forward researches on the works already initiated by our immediate predecessors. Doing philosophy also lies in reengaging and reproblematizing the philosophical questions handles by the previous generations

Bhagat Oinam
In-charge of the Colloquium

Inauguration of Political Geography Cartography Lab

The Centre for International Politics, Organization and Disarmament (CIPOD), SIS has setup a new Political Geography Cartography lab which would facilitate spatial analysis through digital map making.

The lab was inaugurated by the Vice Chancellor of JNU, Prof. Sudhir Kumar Sopory, on 1 October, 2012 as a part of the foundation day celebrations at SIS. Among those present were Prof. Girijesh C. Pant, Dean, SIS, Dr. Swaran Singh, Chairperosn, CIPOD, faculty members including Prof. C.S.R. Murthy, Dr. Moushumi Basu, Mr. Manish Dabhade, Dr. Archana Negi, Dr. Happymon Jacob, Dr. Krishnendra Meena, and students.

CIPOD is now the only department of international studies in India to have an attached cartographic lab of its own. The lab has six desktop computers equipped with the latest digital mapmaking tools, including Arc GIS 10 software. A permanent Cartographer has been stationed to help students and faculty using the lab.

The lab fills up a crucial infrastructural gap. GIS is a methodological and conceptual approach that allows for the linking together of spatial data, or data that is based on a physical space, with non-spatial data, which can be thought of as any data that contains no direct reference to physical locations. This is done by creating several layers of digital maps.

Scholars in international studies are increasingly realizing the importance the methodological logic and therefore the techniques for doing spatial analysis in their chosen fields of inquiry, over and above conventional statistical techniques using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) or other statistical packages. GIS has increasingly become indispensible for several areas of research such as border studies, interstate disputes on natural resources, studies on environmental negotiations and climate change.

The lab will make a significant addition to skills of students and faculty at CIPOD. Especially our M.Phil/Ph.D students who learn the GIS techniques as a part of the course on research methodology will be its main benefeciaries. It would also be of great help to other students of CIPOD, especially the students of Political Geography division.

Swaran Singh, Chairperson
Centre for International Politics Organization and Disarmament, SIS


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