UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION
GUIDELINES FOR ACADEMIC STAFF COLLEGES
The National Policy on Education (NPE) 1986 in its programme of action makes a pointed reference to the crucial link between teacher motivation and the quality of education. The NPE recognized the need for improving quality of teaching and proposed to provide opportunities for professional and career development so that teachers may fulfill their role and responsibility within the system of higher education. It was proposed to enhance their motivation skills and knowledge through systematic orientation in specific subjects, techniques and methodologies, and thereby inculcate in them the right kind of values that would in turn encourage them to take initiatives for innovative and creative work. Keeping the above objectives in view, the following steps were proposed: a) To organize specially designed orientation programmes (OPs) in pedagogy, educational psychology and philosophy, and socio-economic and political concerns for all new entrants at the level of Lecturers; b) To organize such orientation programmes and refresher courses (RCs) for serving teachers, covering every teacher at least once in three to five years; c) To organize specially designed orientation programmes/refresher courses in IT for new entrants as well as for in-service teachers; and d) To encourage teachers to participate in seminars, symposia, workshops, etc.